50+ Biographies for Children – North America

This post lists 22 Biographies written with young readers as the target audience. The main characters in these non-fiction books were born in North America. Maybe because I am selecting books written in English in the U.S., most of the biographies I encountered in the local libraries are about American people, so this list is divided into subcategories. The images of book covers are linked to outside sources with further information. All the book descriptions give you an idea of age recommendations and the texts’ Lexile measures.


Hoop Genius - book coverHoop Genius: How a desperate teacher and a rowdy gym class invented basketballby John Coy, illustrated by Joe Morse

  • Lexile measure: 880L
  • Grade interest: K-3
  • Setting:
  • Cultural group: Canadian men
  • Simple and easy to read, this book can be used in an integrated unit of literacy and physical education. Canadian gym teacher James Naismith invented basketball when no one else wanted to teach a group of rowdy students. In 1931, after various attempts to engage his gym class in something active yet not dangerous, Naismith drafted a series of rules and posted them on the bulletin board. Soon, his new game became a sensation and young people all over the world wanted to play it.


Farmer Will Allen - book coverFarmer Will Allen and the Growing Table, by Jacqueline Briggs Martin, illustrated by Eric-Shabazz Larkin

  • Lexile measure:
  • Grade interest:
  • Setting: Milwaukee
  • Cultural Group: African Americans / Urban farmers
  • Will Allen grew up on a farm in Maryland. As soon as he could, he left the fields to go play basketball abroad. There, he realized that he actually loved growing food. Back to the U.S., Will looked for opportunities to have his own land and to grow enough food to feed a crowd. After years of hard work, he established his urban farm – The Growing Power. His work has now extrapolated the boundaries of the country and he has taught people all over the world about how to grow their own farms in any space. This book is a great motivator for a science instructional unit.

Henry Aaron's Dream book coverHenry Aaron’s Dream, by Matt Tavares

  • Lexile Measure: 920L
  • Grade interest: K-5
  • Setting: USA, 1950s-1070s
  • Cultural group: African-American
  • Matt Tavares recounts the trajectory of Henry Aaron as an African American baseball player in the times of the Civil Rights Movement. Aaron had to overcome racial prejudice and segregation laws that prevented him from playing with white players. Besides telling Aaron’s biography, Matt Tavares includes in his narrative historical events that changed the country. This is a good resource for an integrated unit in literacy, sports, and social studies.
Poet - book coverPoet: The Remarkable Story of George Moses Horton, by Don Tate
  • Lexile Measure: 730L
  • Grade interest: 1-4
  • Setting: Chatran County, North Carolina,
  • Cultural group: African-American
  • The author and illustrator Don Tate does a beautiful job recounting the story of George Moses Horton. Horton was a slave in North Carolina in the 1800s, but his poems and music set him free. Before he could read and write, he memorized and recited his poems, and he became known by the students at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. They paid him with money, clothes, and other goods. Soon, one of the students taught George how to read and his poems were published in newspapers. George even published a book and received support from influential people before he could be free from slavery. The Poet was sixty-six when the Emancipation Proclamation was signed by President Abraham Lincoln.
Whoosh - book coverWhoosh! Lonnie Johnson’s Super-Soaking Stream of Inventions, by Chris Barton, illustrated by Don Tate
  • Lexile measure: 820L
  • Grade interest: 3-5
  • Setting: U.S.A.
  • Cultural Group: African Americans
  • The book tells the story of Lonnie Johnson, a young inventor who did not stop chasing his dreams. Johnson received a lot of rejections before his inventions finally became popular. He was also a NASA engineer, but that is just part of the story. This book could lead to a creative unit in STEM areas.
The youngest marcher - book coverThe Youngest Marcher: The Story of Audrey Faye Hendricks, a young Civil Rights Activist, by Cynthia Levinson, illustrated by Vanessa Brantley Newton.
  • Lexile Measure: 720L
  • Grade interest: K-5
  • Setting: Birmingham, Alabama
  • Cultural group: African Americans
  • This is the story of the youngest Civil Rights activist arrested in the Children’s March in 1963. Audrey Faye Hendricks was nine years old when she was taking to jail. All she wanted was to eat her ice cream inside Newberry’s and drink fresh water from a clean water fountain.
Preaching to the Chickens - book coverPreaching to the Chickens: The Story of Young John Lewis, by Jabari Asim, illustrated by E.B.Lewis
  • Lexile measure: 670L
  • Grade interest: K-3
  • Setting: Alabama
  • Cultural group: African-Americans
  • John Lewis is a well known public figure in America. He was one of the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. However, this book tells another side of his story. As a young boy, Lewis took care of the chickens on his family’s farm. He loved them and knew them by name. He dreamed that one day he would become a preacher, so he memorized the scriptures and practiced his sermons preaching to his chickens.

Before she was Harriet - book coverBefore She Was Harriet, by Lesa Cline-Ransome, illustrated by James E. Ransome

  • Lexile measure: NP (non-prose books are not classified in Lexile measures)
  • Grade interest: K-2
  • Setting: U.S.A.
  • Cultural Group: African American
  • The author used a poet style to describe the life of Harriet Tubman, the civil rights activist. The story is told backward, going back to the roles Harriet played within her family, her community, and in her country. It goes back to the time when she was Araminta Ross, an enslaved girl who dream about freedom. This is an interesting book to bridge into a social studies lesson about suffrage, slavery, and American history.


Princess Paiute - book coverPaiute Princess: The Story of Sarah Winnemucca, by Deborah Kogan Ray
  • Lexile Measure: 1010L
  • Grade interest: 3-5
  • Setting: Great Basin, Nevada, USA
  • Cultural group: Native Americans
  • The author gives a detailed account of the life of Thocmetony, also known as Sarah Winnemucca, from the Paiute nation. Sarah was an activist, educator, and warrior for Native Americans rights. She was also the first Native American to publish a book. Thocmetony was born in 1844 and from an early age, she learned English and Spanish, as well as her people’s language. She also learned how to navigate the native tribes and the white-men world seamlessly. This book could lead to a History and a Geography unit about the Native Americans in the Nevada area.
Sequoyah - book coverSequoyah: The Cherokee Man Who Gave His People Writing, by James Rumford
  • Lexile measure: AD620L
  • Grade interest: 3-5
  • Setting: Tennessee
  • Cultural group: Native Americans
  • This bilingual book is written in English and in Cherokee. Between legends and historical documents, the author crafted the story of Sequoyah, the extraordinary native American man who developed a writing system to register Cherokee culture. Only a handful of people around the world and over the centuries have been able to create a writing system. Sequoyah was born in Tennessee in the second half of the eighteenth century, and he became an important character in American history due to his deeds. This book can lead into an interesting unit about world languages and social studies.

Sitting bull - book coverSitting Bull: Lakota Warrior and Defender of his People, by S.D. Nelson

  • Lexile measure: 860L
  • Grade interest: 3-7
  • Setting: North and South Dakotas
  • Cultural group: Native-Americans
  • With the narrative written in the first person, the author borrows Sitting Bull’s voice to introduce the historical events taking place in the 19th century. The book is beautifully illustrated with drawings and photographs that tell the story of Sioux groups in the contentious time of white westward expansion. The author’s detailed notes indicate that he did a diligent research for his writing. This book is a great resource for a middle-school integrated unit in Social Studies and critical literacy.

Hiawatha - book coverHiawatha and the Peacemaker, by Robbie Robertson, illustrated by David Shannon

  • Lexile measure: AD740L
  • Grade interest: K-3
  • Setting: Upper New York State (in today’s U.S. territory), Ontario and Quebec (in today’s Canada).
  • Cultural group: Native Americans – Cayugas, Senecas, Oneidas, Mohawks, and Onondagas.
  • The book tells the story of the Peacemaker Deganawida and his disciple Hiawatha. Together, they proclaimed a great law of peace among Indian nations in the North Country before Europeans reached what we know today as North America. The way the story is told, it resembles the Biblical stories of Moses and his brother Aaron. Apparently, the Peacemaker was a religious leader and had a speech disorder (much like Moses), and he used Hiawatha as his spokesman (just like Aaron). The enemy of the Iroquois nations, Tadodaho, is depicted as a demon who is healed by the Peacemaker and made into a keeper of the nations’ peace. It is said that the government style of the Five Iroquois Nations influenced the American constitution.

Americans of diverse ethnicities

Mountain Chef - book coverMountain Chef: How one man lost his groceries, changed his plans and helped cook up the national park Service – by Annette Bay Pimentel, Illustrated by Rich Lo
  • Lexile measure: 940L
  • Grade interested: 1-4
  • Setting: California’s Sierra Nevada mountains
  • Cultural group: Chinese-American
  • This book is a winner of the Carter G. Woodson Book Award granted by the National Council for the Social Studies. It tells the story of Tie Sing, a Chinese-American cook born in Nevada sometime around the 1970s. Very little is known about Tie Sing, but he is part of American national parks history and has a peak named after him – the Sing Peak in the Yosemite National Park. Sing was born and grew up in America, at a time when there were severe restrictions toward Chinese people. Sing was a hard-working man and is honored for his patriotism and planning skills. The author and illustrator did an excellent work bring historical accounts into the pages of this book. Make sure to read the final pages (36-40) with your students for more information.
Chef Roy Choi - Book coverChef Roy Choi and the Street Food Remix, by Jacqueline Briggs Martin and June Jo Lee, illustrated by Man One.
  • Lexile Measure: 710L
  • Grade interest: K-4 (although I think middle-schoolers would be interested in the Choi’s story and in the book illustrations
  • Setting: the streets of Los Angeles, California
  • Cultural group: Korean-American
  • This is a part of the Junior Library Guild Selection. Martin and Lee tell the turbulent story of Roy Choi from his childhood until he became a renowned street cook in California. Roy was born in Seoul, Korea, but moved to Los Angeles with his family when he was two. He grew up on the streets and in his mother’s kitchen. Now, he owns and cooks in restaurants he idealized, serving a remix of Korean, Mexican, and American food. He dreams about “remix[ing] neighborhoods everywhere with hope” by creating more jobs where the fancy chefs do not want to go. This bright and colorful book illustrated in graffiti style is sprinkled with Korean words and information about Roy’s Korean cooking culture.
Havesting hope - book coverHarvesting Hope: The Story of Cesar Chavez, by Kathleen Krull, illustrated by Yuyi Morales
  • Lexile Measure: AD880L
  • Grade interest: K-3
  • Setting: California, U.S.A.
  • Cultural group: Hispanic Americans
  • The author tells the story of Cesar Chavez and his pacific march throughout California to raise awareness of the work conditions in the farms. Chavez was born in Arizona to a Mexican-American family but was forced to move to California with his family when the drought ruined his father’s ranch. Chavez was a Latino civil rights activist and created the National Farm Workers Association. With the initial support of 150 people, he led farmworkers into a strike, and at the end of his march which gathered ten thousand people, he signed the first contract for farmworkers in American history.

American women

The Flag Maker - book coverThe Flag Maker: The Story of the Star Spangled Banner, by Susan Campbell Bartoletti, illustrated by Claire A. Nivola

  • Lexile Measure: not available
  • Grade interest: 2-5
  • Setting: U.S.A.
  • Cultural group: American women
  • The Star-Spangled Banner is one of the most important national symbols of the U.S.A. This book tells the story of 12-year-old Caroline Pickersgill, the young girl who helped her mom sew the very flag that flew over Fort McHenry while the British bombarded the American coast. Children across the country pledge allegiance to the flag. This book can tell them a little more about that symbol and about the people who fought for it. Great reading to be part of a social studies integrated unit.
Solving the puzzle - book coverSolving the Puzzle Under the Sea: Marie Tharp Maps of the Ocean Floor, by Robert Burleigh, illustrated by Raul Colon
  • Lexile measure: 750L
  • Grade interest: K-3
  • Setting: Michigan, the U.S.A.
  • Cultural group: American women / scientists
  • Marie Tharp was not only a pioneer female scientist. She was also the first person to map the ocean floor. Her father made maps, and Marie loved maps too. She traveled with him and, for her, maps were like giant puzzles. The story in this book is told in the first person, in the voice of young Marie. Her work is groundbreaking and this book introduces it in a way that young readers will understand it. This text is recommended for an integrated unit in sciences.
Marvelous Mattie - book coverMarvelous Mattie: How Margareth E. Knight Became an Inventor, by Emily Arnold McCully
  • Lexile measure: AD720L
  • Grade interest: K-3
  • Setting: Maine and Massachusetts, the U.S.A.
  • Cultural group: American women / inventors
  • Margareth Knight lived in the years of industrial revolution, when the world of inventions boomed but women were considered less intelligent and capable than men. Mattie worked hard and proved that she could be a professional inventor too. This book can be a fun read aloud in a STEM unit and young girls will have a blast learning about marvelous Mattie.
Luna and Me - book coverLuna and Me: The True Story of a Girl Who Lived in a Tree to Save a Forest, by Jenny Sue Kostecki-Shaw
  • Lexile measure: not available at this time
  • Grade interest: K-2
  • Setting: the U.S.A.
  • Cultural group: American women
  • About the book: In this fantastic story, author Jenny Sue Kostecki-Shaw narrates the protest of environmental activist Julia Butterfly Hill to protect the redwood trees. This is an interesting resource to integrate literacy, sciences and social studies. The book was printed on paper from responsible FSC-certified sources and part of the author’s proceeds will be donated to Sanctuary Forest.
Alabama Spitfire - book coverAlabama Spitfire: The Story of Harper Lee and To Kill a Mockingbird, by Bethany Hegedus, illustrated by Erin McGuire
  • Lexile measure: 880L
  • Grade interest: K-3
  • Setting: Alabama and New York, U.S.A.
  • Cultural group: American women
  • The book tells the story of young Nelle Harper Lee and how she found her call to be a writer. Nelle was born and raised in a small town in Alabama during the Great Depression. Many years later, and with the support of her friends in New York, she published the bestseller To Kill a Mockingbird. This biography written for young readers can serve as a lead into a unit about Harper Lee’s famous book.
  • Teaching guide: the publisher’s website offers a teaching guide and more information about the author.

Dreaming with Animals - book coverDreaming with Animals: Anna Hyatt Huntington and Brookgreen Gardens, by L.Kerr Dunn, illustrated by Monica Wyrick

  • Lexile measure: not available
  • Grade interest: K-5
  • Setting: U.S.A.
  • Cultural group: American women
  • This beautifully illustrated book can be used to incorporate literacy in Arts classes. It tells the story of Anna Hyatt Huntington and her sculptures. Her art can be visited and appreciated in the Charleston Museum, the Gibbs Museum, and in her Brookgreen Gardens in South Carolina. The 32-page book is organized into ten chapters, which can be used as a read aloud.

American man with disabilities

Not so different - book coverNot So Different: What you really want to ask about having a disability, by Shane Burcaw, with photographs by Matt Carr

  • Lexile measure: 860
  • Grade interest: 1-4
  • Setting: the U.S.A. (not mentioned in the book)
  • Cultural group: young people with a physical disability
  • In a light tone, Shane Burcaw answers some frequently asked questions about his physical disability. He was born with Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) and his muscles are deteriorating as he gets older. In the book, Shane shows how his life is not too different from everyone else, and with his family’s support, he can be as active as everybody else. He and his cousin have a non-profit organization to raise awareness about positivity in spite of adversity – Laughing at my Nightmare, and they travel the country making presentations and raising funds to help kids with SMA.

And more…



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